Pitta Dosha: Fire & Water

Updated: Feb 8, 2019

It’s important to remember that there are 3 doshas/energies. They are Kapha, Pitta, and Vata. Each are unique but they sometimes share similarities, as well. Below you will learn about the Pitta Dosha. As you read about the other two doshas (Kapha and Vata) you will notice that some of the traits overlap and mirror one another. You may even notice that they are sometimes complete opposites!

Pitta Qualities:








Pitta in Nature:

Sun (fire)

Photosynthesis Process in Plants (fire)

Oceans (water)

Rain (water)

Pitta Season/Weather:

Late Spring (when it starts to get hot from Summer)



Hot, Rainy, Muggy, Humid

Pitta Time of Day:

10am-2pm: best time to eat largest meal because metabolism is strongest and get work done

10pm-2am: best time to sleep to allow the body to process the day

Pitta Time of Life:

From loss of virginity or the age of 18 to menopause or age 50-60 in men.

Pitta’s role in the body:


(for example: food into chyme and information into knowledge)

5 Subdoshas of Pitta:

Sadhaka Pitta- found in the brain and heart, responsible for processing information and emotions (too little our mind and emotions are dull and too much we become overachievers and insatiable.)

Alochaka Pitta- found in the eyes, responsible for processing visuals into the mind and sense responses (too little can cause result in poor vision and slow reactions, while too much can cause a sensitivity to light)

Bhrajaka Pitta- found in the skin, responsible for maintaining complexion (to0 much or too little can cause skin sensitivity issues such as rashes and discoloration.)

Pachaka Pitta- found in the stomach and small intestines, responsible for absorption and assimilation of the digestive fire to transform food into energy for the body to use (too little can cause slow digestion and too much can cause diarrhea and malnourishment)

Ranjaka Pitta- found in the liver, spleen, and stomach, responsible for the transformative jobs of the blood, bile, and ingested food (too little can cause toxin buildup in the body and too much can cause excessive bleeding or excretion of enzymes and hormones)

Physical Attributes in the Human:

Thin, smooth, straight, light or reddish in color hair.

Fair, red, sun-spotted, freckled, moles, cooperus, oily and acne-prone warm skin.

Burns easily in the sun.

Bendable nails.

Sharp, symmetrical, intense yellowish eyes.

Sharp, symmetrical nose.

Symmetrical and average size lips.

Average size and yellowish teeth.


Medium, muscular, and moderate figure.

Medium/average bone structure shoulders and hips tend to be the same width.

Joints are often flexible.

Body tends towards inflammation.

It’s just as easy to gain weight as it is to lose it.

Extremities are always warm due to good circulation.

Is always hungry because digestion is often quick.

Known for definition of “hangry”: Angry when left hungry and unfed.

Bowel movement is fast and feces are often soft, intense, warm/burn, stinky, and sometimes even diarrhea.

Excessive sweat.

Strong body odor.

Pitta women have regular cycles with heavy bleeding and PMS.

Works hard physically and eventually hits a wall.

Quick movers when it comes to completing a task.

Good listeners and the greatest skeptics.

Sharp voice.

Moderate sexual drive.

Moderate sleepers… need no more than 7 hours of sleep.

Sensitive and uncomfortable in hot, humid weather.

Has excessive inflammation.

Problems digesting fats.

Problems with digestive system whether it be acid reflux, GERD, ulcers or IBS, infections, hyper-extension of joints, acidity/inflammation, endocrine system, heart disease like hypertension, strokes and heart attacks.

Mental & Emotional Attributes in the Human:

Incredibly smart.


Relatively quick to learn things.

Relatively strong memory.

Can easily hide feelings if desired.

Bossy… they do make the best bosses.


Known for having a sharp tongue and hot temper.

Can be very judgmental and critical.


Outwardly confident.









Can be envious or jealous.

Can also tend towards rigidness.

Is known for excessive ambition and a ruthless desire for power and fame.

Dreams typically center around power, anger, and violence.

Signs of Excessive Pitta/Imbalance in the Human:

Feeling angry, frustrated, irritable.

Waking up in the middle of the night and trouble getting back to bed.

Easily attached to own beliefs and being rigid and close-minded.



Thinning and premature graying or balding of hair.

Oily skin with lack of water and a lot of blemishes.



Broken capillaries.

Cold sores.

Bleeding and receding gums.

Canker sores.

Yellowing of skin, nails and eyes.

Bloodshot eyes.

Poor vision.

Sensitivity to light.

Yellow coating on tongue.

Dryness in mouth.

Bad breath.

Extremely sour body odor.

Excessive inflammation resulting soreness in the muscles and joints.



Muscle fatigue.

Headaches and migraines.

Acid reflux, heartburn, ulcers.

Nausea and discomfort when meals are missed.

Loose stools, diarrhea that may be green or yellow in color and burns as it leaves the body.

Heat flashes, night sweats.


Sensitivity to spicy or fatty foods.

Low blood sugar.



Nutrient deficiency problems because the body digests too quickly to absorb the nutrients from the food ingested.

PMS along with heavy bleeding and tender breasts and nipples.

In extreme cases: heart disease, hypertension, thyroid problems, endocrine abnormalities, severe bleeding disorders, jaundice, hepatitis, liver damage, lupus and other autoimmune disorders, gout, blood clots, and leukemia, fainting, meningitis, multiple sclerosis, inflammation in the reproductive tissues which can cause infertility, rheumatoid arthritis.

These diseases listed above are terrifying and may have scared readers who are or know someone suffering from one. The key here in educating yourself in Ayurveda, or health in general, is knowing that diseases don’t sneak up on you. They show signs of imbalances first. Imbalances aren’t diseases. However, if an imbalance isn’t corrected, it will lead to disease. And sometimes, the diseases are irreversible. So it’s important to catch it before it’s too late. The good news is you can use your knowledge of imbalances listed above to determine if you have an imbalance or not. It’s also extremely beneficial in knowing your constitution (predominant dosha) and family history so you can create a proactive health plan to prevent the onset of genetic and lifestyle acquired diseases. And if you have no clue what to do or where to start, head over to my Health & Happiness article to learn more on a balanced diet and lifestyle! :)

How to Balance Excess Pitta through Diet:

Favor a cooling plate that consists of:

⅓ Whole Grains

⅓ Lean Protein, preferably plant protein like legumes

⅓ Vegetables

*Adding cooling spices like mint or coriander have a nice touch of lowering acidity in the stomach.*

Lunch should be your biggest meal, breakfast should be half the size, and dinner should be a third the size of your lunch.

Favor sweet, juicy, ripe fruits like mango or banana.

For snacks, favor seeds or veggies and hummus. Eat a snack between breakfast and lunch and one between lunch and dinner to satiate the constant hunger.

For dessert indulgences, ice cream is best!

Avoid fried and fatty foods, excessive oil, processed/canned/white flour/white sugar foods, hot drinks, alcohol, caffeine and spicy foods.

Jasmine, lavender, or chamomile tea are great to keep the body and mind calm throughout the day and even great before bed!

How to Balance Excess Pitta through Exercise:

SWIMMING! It’s the best to keep the joints and muscles cool!

A cooling yoga class should also be favored.

Do this 3-4x a week.

And of course, strength/resistance training is helpful to do 1-2x a week because it keeps muscles strong and bones safe. Overdoing it can cause inflammation in the joints.

How to Balance Excess Pitta through Daily Routine:

Wake up around 6-7am.

Meditate and stretch the body.

Always keep a smile on your face.

Laugh when you get the chance.

Read a book instead of watching TV.

Go to bed at 11pm.

How to Balance Excess Pitta through Color Therapy:

Favor cool colors like blues and greens.

How to Balance Excess Pitta through Sound Therapy:

Favor calming sounds like a running stream of water or bird chirping.

How to Balance Excess Pitta through Touch Therapy:

Massage with coconut, avocado, or olive oil everyday!

It helps to alkalize the acidity level in the skin and body while pushing the lactic acid buildup out of the tissues.

How to Balance Excess Pitta through Aromatherapy:

Favor floral scents like lavender or rose.

Does this sound like you? I’m predominantly Kapha-Pitta so this article strongly relates to me and my needs. Check out Kapha and Vata to learn more and email me if you have any questions:

Keep changing the world, you determined Pittas!

I'll be here cheering you on with love,

Gina Benson

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